Error 1602 Installing Software Application MSI or EXE

Error 1612 the installation source is not available
Returned failure exit code 1612. Failed the installation


  1. Open Regedit
  2. Navigate to [HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Installer\Products\
  3. Find the key associated with the product trying to install and delete it
  4. Re-run the installer

Transferring Phones From Verizon Wireless to AT&T Wireless

To transfer an iPhone 5 or newer:

Obtain a SIM card from AT&T wireless and replace the SIM card in the phone
Gently insert the end of  small paperclip into the small pinhole opening in the SIM tray.
Apply a small amount of pressure until the SIM tray pops out
Grab hold of the SIM tray and pull straight out

This video shows how to remove the SIM card:

dump the old SIM card from the tray
insert the new SIM card into the tray
insert the SIM tray back into the phone
restart the phone

To transfer a Samsung Galaxy S5 or newer:

Obtain a SIM card from AT&T wireless and replace the SIM card in the phone
Gently insert the end of  small paperclip into the small pinhole opening in the SIM tray.
Apply a small amount of pressure until the SIM tray pops out
Grab hold of the SIM tray and pull straight out

This video shows how to remove the SIM card:

dump the old SIM card from the tray
insert the new SIM card into the tray
insert the SIM tray back into the phone
restart the phone

Program the data settings in the phone for the AT&T network:

Access the Settings menu.
Locate and select either Wireless & Networks, More Networks, or Connections.
Select Mobile Networks > Access Point Names.
Locate and select the option to add a new APN  by pressing the + symbol on the screen
Program each field using the settings below:

MMS proxy t 
MMS port 80
MCC 310
MNC 410
APN type default,mms,supl,hipri
APN protocol IPv4

Save the changes to return to the APN's menu and select the new APN.

How to Change Skype For Business SIP ADDRESS Using PowerShell

Powershell Cmdlet:
Set-CsUser –Identity <username> -SipAddress "<email address>"

  1. Open Skype for Business Management Shell
  2. Type the following cmdlet:
    Set-CsUser –Identity John.Doe -SipAddress ""
  3. press <ENTER>

Find Collections With Maintenance Windows in System Center Configuration Manager

With numerous device collections, it can be tedious and time consuming to hunt for maintenance windows that have bet set and on what collection. To obtain a list of all maintenance windows and the device collections where they are applied, run this query against the SCCM site database using SQL Server Management Studio.

In SQL Server Management Studio:
Click databases
Choose the primary site
click New Query

paste this query in and execute it:

SELECT c.Name, c.Comment,SW.Description, SW.StartTime, SW.Duration
FROM v_ServiceWindow SW
JOIN v_Collection C ON C.CollectionID = SW.CollectionID

Dell BIOS Updates Using SCCM Configuration Manager

1. Download the BIOS update for the machine/model required

for example: Dell Latitude E7450


Switch settings for silent deployment are:
NOPAUSE – Run without user prompts
NOREBOOT – Does not reboot the system when flashing is completed (we don't want the user to experience an unannounced reboot

2. Create an application package for the BIOS update and set the program to run the executable with the following switches:


3. Download the Dell CCTK (Client Configuration Toolkit)

4. Create an application package for the CCTK

5. Create a Custom Task Sequence to Perform the BIOS Update silently

Verify the machine and model 

Copy the CCTK file to the local machine using the package previously prepared

Clear the BIOS Password utilizing the CCTK 

note: valsetuppwd= whatever your current BIOS password is

Apply the BIOS Update

Set the BIOS Password using the CCTK

note: valsetuppwd= whatever your want the BIOS password set as

Suspend Bitlocker

Reboot With User Notification and Count Down

Resume Bitlocker

6. Distribute and deploy the task sequence to the appropriate Device Collection

Maintaining ConfigMgr (SCCM) Software Update Point and WSUS

Here is an EXCELLENT article on properly maintaining the ConfigMgr Software Update Point and WSUS, deleting old/superseded updates, performing  a defragmentation/re-indexing job on the WSUS database, as well as resolving  the following errors from theWindows Update agent :
OnSearchComplete – Failed to end search job. Error = 0x80244022. 
Scan failed with error = 0x8024402

Powershell Special Characters

Powershell has a plethora of special characters. Here is the most complete listing found to date

$ (dollar sign)
Declare/use a variable. Powershell has a number of built-in variables (thanks to Rein), such as $null, $true or $false. These are case insensitive and usually read-only, either explicitly (they will produce an error if you try to reassign them), or silently ignoring any updates.Example.

$abc = "123"

$_ (dollar underscore)

'THIS' token. Typically refers to the item inside a foreach loop.
Task: Print all items in a collection.

... | foreach { Write-Host $_ }

$$ (double dollar, two dollars)
Last token of last command. Does NOT refer to the whole command.

Write-Host "Hello, world!"
Hello, world!
Hello, world!

$^ (dollar sign + caret)
Thanks to Richard for accidentally finding this one.
First token of last command. Does NOT refer to the whole command.
Write-Host "Hello, world!"
Hello, world!
$? (dollar sign + question mark)
Many google searches were looking for this information, so I experimentally found what it does.
Returns True or False value indicating whether previous command ended with an error. For some reason it does not catch all errors, but most of the time it works.
Task 1: See if a powershell cmdlet exists in the system.
SomeCmdLet #does not exists
The term 'SomeCmdLet' is not recognized as the name of a cmdlet, function, script file, or operable program. Check the
spelling of the name, or if a path was included, verify that the path is correct and try again.
At line:1 char:15
+     SomeCmdLet <<<<  #does not exists
    + CategoryInfo          : ObjectNotFound: (SomeCmdLet:String) [], CommandNotFoundException
    + FullyQualifiedErrorId : CommandNotFoundException
False    #error occured - previous cmdlet (SomeCmdLet) was not found
True     #no errors returned by the previous command ($?)
Task 2: See if a WMI class exists in the system
gwmi win32_processo -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue   #intentional error, win32_processor is the right one
[type] (square bracket + type name + square bracket)
Credit goes to Michael for suggesting to add this.
Aside from type casting, it can be used to specify strongly typed variables, particularly useful with arrays.
Yes, Powershell is pretty good as inferring the type of variables based on the actual values, but just in case you want to limit script input.
Example 1.
$a = 1,2,3 #declare an array of object containing integer values
$a = $a + 'hello'; #adding a string value at the end of object array is perfectly fine
Output 1.
Example 2.
[int[]]$a = 1,2,3 #declare an array of integer
$a = $a + 'hello'; #triggers an error, cannot add string to an array of integer
Output 2.
Cannot convert value "hello" to type "System.Int32". Error: "Input string was not in a correct format."
$() (dollar sign + round brackets)
Thanks to Kevin for a suggestion to add this one.
Sub-expression operator for double-quoted strings. Whatever is in the brackets should be evaluated first.
$name = "Kevin";
"Hello, $name, there are $($name.length) characters in your name"
Hello, Kevin, there are 5 characters in your name
It can be used with any expression, so this will also work:
"There are $(2+3) characters in your name"

${} (dollar sign + curly brackets)
Thanks to Remco for a hint about it.
Declare or use a variable with non-standard characters in it, a more generalized syntax to $variableName. It adds support for punctuation or non-English characters.
${,,,} = 5

| (pipeline)
Catch output of the command and pass it to another command.
Task: Get list of processes and select top 3 items.
Get-Process | Select-Object -first 3

% (percentage)
1. Shortcut to foreach.
Task: Print all items in a collection.
... | % { Write-Host $_ }
2. Remainder of division, same as Mod in VB.
5 % 2
. (single dot) Credit goes to Marc for asking to add this one.1. Include external powershell file as part of your script (also known as dot sourcing). Any functions or variables will become available in the current scope.
#line 1 of your script
. ./script.ps1 #include from current directory
#line 2
#use function or variable from script.ps1
2. Accessing a non-static member of the class, or to fully qualify a namespace, same as in C# or another object oriented language.
$a = "Hello"; #a is now a .NET string
$a.Substring(1) #prints "ello"
As a reminder, to access static members you should use double colon (this case is described further on this page):

.. (double dot)
Specify a range.
Task: Print numbers 1 through 5 without a foreach loop.


:: (double-colon)
Thanks to Darrell for asking about this one.
Reference static member of a class. The class name must be enclosed in square brackets.
Task: Compare two strings.
[string]::Equals("a", "b")

+ (plus sign)
Thanks to Cody for pointing at this feature of Powershell.
Aside from its natural use, i.e. addition of two arguments, you can also use a plus sign to reference a public nested class.
For official reference, see here. Thanks to David Brabant for help in figuring this out.

+= (plus equals)
Thanks to Brian G.
Increments value on the left by the amount on the right (and stores result). For strings it means concatenation.
Very well known to C# developers
, so not strictly a Powershell feature.
In Powershell, however, this operator has a special use - you can add elements to arrays.
Mostly syntactic sugar, the array is still recreated behind the scenes, so just to save a few characters.
$b = 1         #initialize a variable
$b += 2        #add 2
$b             #output 3 (1 + 2)

$a = @(1,2,3)  #initialize array with 3 elements
$a += 4        #add element number 4
$a             #output 4 elements


--% (double minus + percentage sign)
Thanks to Michael for suggesting to add it.
Available since Powershell v3.0 (links to blogs @ MSDN), it stops Powershell style of parsing and allows to feed commands with special characters, without them being treated as such.
Example 1 (using --% magic).
Write-Host --% %USERNAME%,this=$something{weird}
Output 1 (using --%).
--% %USERNAME%,this=$something{weird}
Example 2 (same thing, not using --% magic).
Write-Host %USERNAME%,this=$something{weird}
Output 2 (not using --%).
%USERNAME% this= weird

! (exclamation mark)Thanks to Leo for asking about this one. 
Shortcut to -not.
$a = $null;
if(!$a) { Write-Host '$a is null' }
$a is null

? (question mark)Output all items that conform with condition (shortcut to where). Shortcut to the following: 
foreach { if (...) {return ... } }
Task: Print all odd numbers between 1 and 5 (inclusive):
1..5 | ? { $_ % 2 }

` (backtick)
1. Continue command on the next line.
Write-Host `
"Hello, world!"
Hello, world!
2. Include a special symbol into a string. Available options:`$ - include a dollar symbol in your string. If you don't escape it, Powershell will assume you are trying to embed a variable.
`0 - Null. My preference is using $null instead.`a - Alert. Yes, it does make sound, and you can use multiple for multiple beeps.
`b - Backspace
`f - form feed - only affects printed documents.`n - New line`r - Carriage return`t - Horizontal tab`v - Vertical tab - only affects printed documents.
`' - Single quote - I prefer using double quotes when I need to escape a single one, since I don't need any escaping in this case.`" - Double quote - you can use single quotes, and you don't need this symbol. My preference is use standard escaping instead, so 4 double quotes ("""") means a double quote.
Official article by Microsoft with full description on every token:

# (hash sign)
Single line comment.
#This is a commented line
#This is a second one

<# ... #> (left angle bracket / &lt + pound ... pound + right angle bracket / &gt)
Block/Multi-line comment.
<#This is
a commented

& (ampersand)
Execute string as command.
& "Get-Process"

@( ) (email-at + round brackets)Declare arrays.
Note: comma is used as a separator, in contrast to hash table declaration.
$a = @("One", "Two", "Three")

@{ } (email-at + curly brackets/braces)Declare hash tables. Powershell 2.0 introduced a new feature called parameter splatting, which is one of the nice uses for hash tables.
It allows you to supply dynamic values and number of arguments to an otherwise static call of the function (see Example 2 below). 
Note: semicolon is used as a separator, in contrast to array declaration.
Example 1 - Declare hash table and get item by key.
$a = @{"1" = "one";
       "2" = "two";
       "3" = "three"}
$a["2"] #prints "two" (without quotes)
Example 2 - Declare empty hash table, populate with arguments, and use parameter splatting.
$params = @{};
$params['class'] = 'Win32_DiskDrive';
$params['filter'] = 'size=256052966400'; #find a drive which is 256GB in size
Get-WmiObject @params
#identical to Get-WmiObject -Class 'Win32_DiskDrive' -Filter 'size=256052966400'

@' ... '@ (email-at + single quote ... single quote + email-at)Multi-line string literal without embedded variables.

@" ... "@ (email-at + double quote ... double quote + email-at)
Multi-line string literal with embedded variables.

0x (zero x + number)
Specify a number in hexadecimal form.
Note 1. You can use this notation to specify Unicode characters.
Note 2. You can embed Unicode characters into a string, combining this and $() notation (described prior on this page):
"Some Company $([char]0x00AE)"
Output (Powershell console will display ® as R, you can use PowerGUI Script Editor to properly see the result).
Some Company ®